When you first enter the gym, the private school recommends that you do a body composition test to determine your physical condition and formulate a training plan for you according to your training purpose. So, how much is hidden in this body composition analysis report? Let’s find out together.
Ⅰ. Basic concepts of body composition analysis report
We know that weight does not fully represent fat or thin.
For example: two men of the same weight and different postures, the muscular man looks leaner and more energetic than the fat man. This is because, at the same volume, the muscle density is greater than the fat density, so under the same weight, people with more muscle proportions look thinner than those with more fat proportions.
Body composition refers to the percentage of body weight in both adipose and non-fat tissue. It usually refers to the components of your body, which generally include muscle, fat, bone, and other internal organs.
Ⅱ. The significance of the important indicators of the body composition analysis report
1. Body Mass Index (BMI)
Ø BMI=weight (kg)/height² (m²), the unit is kg/m2. It is one of the indicators for diagnosing systemic obesity.
ØThe final body shape judgment needs to be combined with body fat percentage. Exercise and diet are the two main factors in maintaining a healthy weight, and maintaining a balance between exercise and diet can keep your weight within an appropriate range.
2. Body fat percentage (PBF)
Ø Body fat rate = fat (kg) / body weight (kg) × 100%. Represents the level of body fat in the body.
ØHidden obesity: refers to a form of obesity in which the weight is within the standard range (BMI18.5-23.9kg/m2), but the body fat rate exceeds the corresponding standard range (male ≥ 26%, female ≥ 32%). Loss of body mass and increased fat, but the standard weight is still within the normal range, common in young women.
Ø Walking is an effective form of exercise to burn fat. Through walking, with a reasonable diet, to achieve the effect of reducing body fat rate.
3. Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)
Ø It is an important indicator for determining central obesity, and it can also reflect the amount of visceral fat accumulated in the abdominal cavity.
ØIt is generally believed that when men > 0.9 and women > 0.85, the waist and hip ratio is abnormal, which should be paid attention to, which will increase the risk of hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and other diseases. Moderate exercise and a reasonable diet are important conditions for maintaining a normal waist-to-hip ratio.
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